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How To Build A Career Progression Framework For Employees
A career progression framework can be best summed up with the age-old interview question: “Where do you see yourself in five years?”
More likely than not, you’ve heard or asked this question — or some variation of it — during an appraisal or annual performance review. In this article, we’re offering our definitive guide to career progression to help employees and HR alike.
What Is Career Progression?
Career progression is essentially an employee’s ‘workplace journey.’ It encompasses all the steps one takes in their career to improve (whether in terms of title, compensation, or skills — usually, though it’s a winning combination of all three).
Is Career Progression Important To Employees?
Some workers know the exact job titles they want to appear on their LinkedIn profile over the next decade. But for most, the future isn’t so clear. In fact, for 60% of UK professionals, career development is an important part of a job offer, and that includes more than just promotions and pay raises.
They want to:
Gain more industry knowledge
Expand their skills
Feel fulfilled in their work
But, even those with high career aspirations may not know which steps they need to take to achieve their goals — but they want to find out.
What Does Employee Progression Typically Look Like?
Some, but not all, workers advance their careers by ‘job-hopping.’ This entails working at a company for a short period of time, say six months to a year, then moving on to another company at a higher level.
While that might work out well for the individual, that kind of turnover isn’t ideal for the companies they’re hopping to and from.
How Does Career Progression Relate To Career Structure?
Career structure is, essentially, how a job is ‘designed’ to progress in the future. When you’re building a career progression framework, you really need to ask yourself: How is our organisation currently handling career structure?
After all, the way you structure roles (and even how you structure a department) will have a determining factor on how they progress within your organisation. Career structure also matters because it injects purpose into a role from day one.
What Is A Career Progression Framework?
To provide your employees with thoughtful and strategic career and professional development, you first need to build a great career progression framework.
Simply put, a career progression framework supports their long-term development in a structured way. It acts as an occupational roadmap for the employee, with each new title bringing them a step closer to their ideal position.
How To Craft A Career Progression Plan In 6 Steps
Creating a career progression plan is an investment of time and resources.
But, it’s also a blueprint for your business, and can be the difference between achieving long-term or short-term success. Here’s how you can build a career progression plan for your employees:
1. Start With An Organisational Chart
Create an organisational chart to cement the overall employee structure of your company.Your organisational chart should include a hierarchy of the departments along with each position within each department. Once you create your chart, consider how creating new roles or consolidating teams could streamline your business or costs.
2. Evaluate Current Employees And Their Positions
If possible, meet with employees one-on-one to discuss their survey answers:
How have they performed in their current role?
Where have they excelled or struggled?
What are their unique career goals?
Do they have the skills required to take on a leadership or management role?
3. Define The Progression Of Each Role
No matter where an employee is in their career — be it an intern, junior role, or manager — they should know what roles they could have in the future, their responsibilities, and what they need to do to progress.For each role in your company, define the following:
The tasks involved
Next, break down what someone in that role would need to achieve to reach the next level of career progression, such as:
A certain level of education
A list of needed soft skills
A list of required hard skills
A minimum number of years in the role, industry, or with the company
Short-term goals to achieve
Long-term goals to achieve
WATCH: How to Make Data-Driven Compensation Bands
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4. Implement Training And Development Solutions
To move up in the company or gain expertise, an employee may need mentorship, coaching, or access to learning and development courses. So, review your company’s learning and development resources and budget to see what can be done to support each employee or department in their growth.
5. Consider Lateral Moves
Some employees won’t want to become managers or supervisors — and that’s okay. They might want to make horizontal career changes instead of vertical career changes.
But how will this impact their career progression at the company?
The solution: Instead of shoehorning employees into people-management roles, each career progression framework should offer two routes:
One that leads them to a management role
One that leads them to a senior title of their current role (or a similar role)
This way, they can decide which route is best for them when the time comes.
At Buffer, they fully embraced the idea of horizontal career growth for their engineers.
Team member Katie Wilde says, “To deliver great software, we need to encourage engineers to grow horizontally: to grow their knowledge and thought leadership as engineers and do the job they are good at even better. Management should not be the only option for growth and advancement!”
6. Review, Revise, And Approve
Once an employee’s career progression framework has been established, the manager and employee should meet to iron out any details, answer any questions, and revise the framework if needed. Make this a collaborative process to increase the employee’s buy-in and the likelihood of successful follow-through. Once the framework has the approval of the manager and employee, an HR team member should review it to ensure the process, budgeting, and resources line up with the company’s abilities and best practices.
7 Reasons You Need To Craft A Career Progression Framework
By creating a career progression framework, you’re creating a better workplace.
More importantly, you’re synchronising your company’s goals with your employee’s goals, improving alignment, communication, and long-term success rates.
Here are seven more reasons why you should create a career progression framework:
1. Employees Will Feel Valued
How do you make your employees feel valued and supported? While providing flexible working, amongst other fringe benefits, and even free meals is advantageous, investing in your employees’ future can’t be beat.
A career progression framework shows employees you’re invested in their happiness, growth, and success for years to come.
2. Employees Can Gain Career Clarity
Few employees start a new role or join a new company knowing exactly where it will take them. With a career progression framework, employees can uncover what they truly want in a job, establish their goals, and create a viable long-term career plan without having to leave your company.
3. It Will Motivate Employees
When employees can’t progress in their careers, they aren’t motivated. When you help employees establish clear, realistic, time-appropriate goals in the form of a career progression framework, they know what they’re working towards and become more motivated to achieve it.
4. It Will Help Build Trust
When you pull back the curtain on how your company is structured, through an org chart or similar, and how an employee can move up within it, you show the employee that there are no hidden secrets to succeeding.
This level of transparency can help you build greater trust with employees.
5. It Will Improve Employee-Management Relationships
A lot of open, honest discussions are required to build a career progression framework; you’ll discuss the employee’s work performance, goals, struggles, and strengths.
6. It Will Boost Employee Retention
In a recent survey by CV-Library and Robert Walters, soft benefits like a clear progression plan and development/training courses were ranked highly as key ways to persuade employees to remain in their current roles. While the goal of a career progression framework is to help employees advance, offering a progression plan and development opportunities can help them stay within the company, too.
7. It Will Improve Work Performance
Eighty-one percent of UK employers agree that their workers perform better when they receive development and training opportunities. By building out a framework and investing in your employees’ growth, you’re also investing in your company’s growth. This can be done through a professional development plan, too.
How Can HR Support Employee Career Progression?
As an HR professional, you play a key role in each employee’s career progression.
Here’s how you can support your employees and management team while helping them achieve their goals:
|Best Practice||How To Do It|
|Schedule Check-Ins||At least quarterly, to identify any hurdles, improvements, and successes.|
|Get Inspired||Try and find new ways to help employees progress (freeing up development budget, etc.)|
|Develop Training Schedules||May include setting deadlines for courses, finding workshops to attend, or opening up time for mentorship meetings.|
|Onboarding & Progressing||Include frameworks in onboarding sessions, so new employees have visibility and transparency.|
|Keep Frameworks Fluid||Be open to change and iterate as you go. There's no perfect way to do progression, you need to learn it along the way!|
Start Investing In Your Employees’ Long-Term Success Today
When employees have a solid career progression framework in place, they gain more confidence in their work, employer, and future.
By working with your employees to build these frameworks, you can become better aligned as a company, increasing productivity, employee satisfaction, and long-term retention.
The trick is to ensure the employee experience never grows stale.
Give your employees new challenges and opportunities to learn, provide them with the resources and tools they need to improve, and support them in achieving their career goals.
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